Geoff Eley is the Karl Pohrt Distinguished University Professor of Contemporary History at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He works on modern German and European History, nationalism, fascism, film and history, and historiography. His earliest works were Reshaping the German Right: Radical Nationalism and Political Change after Bismarck (1980, 1991) and The Peculiarities of German History (with David Blackbourn, 1980, 1984). More recent books include Forging Democracy: The History of the Left in Europe, 1850-2000 (2002), A Crooked Line: From Cultural History to the History of Society (2005), The Future of Class in History (with Keith Nield, 2007), and Nazism as Fascism: Violence, Ideology, and the Ground of Consent in Germany, 1930-1945 (2013). Eley's edited or co-edited books include The Goldhagen Effect: History, Memory, Nazism (2000), Citizenship and National Identity in Twentieth-Century Germany (with Jan Palmowski, 2007), German Colonialism in a Global Age (2014), and German Modernities from Wilhelm to Weimar: A Contest of Futures (2016). He is currently writing a general history of Europe in the twentieth century.